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Citizen Media: A Progress Report

In my keynote at last month’s OhmyNews International Citizen Reporters’ Forum in Seoul, I was asked to offer a year-on-year progress report on the state of citizen journalism. To sum up:

We’ve come a long way. There’s a growing recognition and appreciation of why citizen journalism matters. Investments, from media organizations and others, are fueling experiments of various kinds. Revenue models are taking early shape. And, most important, there’s a flood of great ideas.

But we have a long, long way to go. We need much more experimentation in journalism and community information projects. The business models are, at best, uncertain — and some notable failures are discouraging. Dealing with the issues of trust, credibility and ethics is essential; as are more tools and training, including a dramatically updated notion of media literacy.

I offered 10 major points in my talk, as follows:

1. Recognition of citizen media.

No one can doubt that we have the attention of just about everyone now. A Google News search on “citizen journalism” turns up more than 700 stories today, albeit that some are repeats and some are from OhmyNews itself.

2Video, in particular, has become an essential element of the citizen-media phenomenon. The famous “Macaca” video from last year’s Virginia senate race helped decide the outcome. And the mobile-phone video from the Virginia Tech slaughter scene reminded us that passers-by with cameras are more likely to capture major public events than professionals, at least in the early minutes.

Major nonprofit organizations stepped up to the scene in a bigger way, too. Topping that list was the Knight Foundation (which has funded one of our projects), with its multi-million-dollar 21st Century News Challenge (several winners of which had ties to this center as well).

2. Traditional Media Get It Now

It’s been heartening to watch traditional media organizations, big and small, truly move into this arena. Oh, the vast majority of newspapers now have staff blogs, which is a good start, but the more forward-looking organizations are inviting their audiences to participate in the actual journalism — and that’s where this gets truly exciting.Lemonde Blogs

So Le Monde offers reader blogs, and turns some new writers into online celebrities. The Ft. Myers (Florida) News-Press asks readers to help investigate city government, and gets superb results. Germany’s Bild newspaper asks readers to become “citizen papparazzi” — a questionable activity, in my view, given the privacy implications, but a move that again heralds the future. Sweden’s Aftonbladet offers a blog portal. Reuters has created a partnership with Global Voices Online to bring African blogging to a wider public.
I’m working formally and informally now with several organizations, on projects that could be wonderful if they succeed but which will certainly help us discover what works and what doesn’t. Experimentation — see below — is rife, in the professional and amateur ranks, and that is a wonderful thing.

3. Backlash

Lemann CritiqueThere’s always a backlash against new things. Sometimes it comes in the form of ill-informed, reactionary fear and loathing. Sometimes it takes the form of serious critiques. But it’s always important to pay attention.

What worries may of the more honest critics? Among other things, the sense that mass amateurization in media lead to a meltdown of quality.

Consider Encyclopedia Britannica. The people there are seeing their core business, if not raison d’etre, come under challenge from the online world, most notably by Wikipedia. Never mind that those projects are extremely different; Britannica has gone on the attack, giving its new blog over to citizen-media critics, some of whom have independently discredited themselves to a large extent, and others whose arguments have been systematically pulled apart. (Michael Gorman’s “Web 2.0: The Sleep of Reason Brings Forth Monsters” and Clay Shirky’s rebuttal, “Old Revolutions, Good; New Revolutions, Bad” are a prime example of the latter.)

Critics have also legitimately raised ethical concerns. They note that the standards of traditional media — often violated, of course — tend to prevent overt interference with journalism by the subjects of coverage. We’ll come back to that.

4. Tools and Ideas

PlacebloggerThere’s never been such an amazing time to be trying out new things. We’re almost buried in an avalanche of tools and ideas that have enormous potential to make journalism more diverse — and better.

The ideas and tools are everywhere. Consider just a few examples among thousands I could list:

  • Jay Rosen’s NewAssignment.net, where pro-am journalistic “crowdsourcing” is looking more and more real, and where the potential for improving journalism is breathtaking.
  • Map mashups, such as the powerful Tunisian Prison Map that is shining a light on a repressive regime’s stifling of political dissent.
  • New mobile communication devices such as the Apple iPhone and Nokia’s N95, which are making major evolutionary advances in media production.
  • Placeblogger, where Lisa Williams has been aggregating a new kind of local media and is working on a geo-tagging system that could encourage more relevant local advertising.
  • Pambazuka News, an African podcasting service that calls itself a “weekly forum for social justice in Africa.”

What all these have in common is a sense of exploration. This is something to celebrate.

5. Business Issues

RadioopensourceThe disruption in traditional media economics continues to grow. Layoffs abound at major media companies, and the litany of fear and loathing in the news business is disheartening.

Citizen media efforts are likewise struggling to find business models. The past year has produced some heartening signs, but not so many that we can get even remotely confident –witness the failures of high-profile startups.

Niche and some citizen-media news sites are growing quickly, when the quality is high enough and especially when advertisers see a viable marketplace. When Om Malik secured funding to expand his journalism, for example, people who cared about the emergence of new journalism cheered. In Israel, Scoop, a citizen-journalism site that has used OhmyNews as a model, made a major advertising deal with Orange, a big telecom provider. NowPublic made a deal with the Associated Press in which the news agency is using citizen photos in news reports.

Foundations started paying more serious attention, too. The Knight Foundation’s 21st Century News Challenge pumped some money into the emerging media marketplace, funding a variety of projects that have enormous potential.

For all the advances, we had plenty of failures. The demise of Backfence got lots of attention, but it was hardly the only project to fall by the wayside. Perhaps the most disappointing, from my point of view, was a funding loss at the nonprofit Radio Open Source, a site that was doing some of the most innovative work anywhere.

6. Experimentation is Cheap
Sourceforgelowest

The cost of trying new ideas is heading toward zero. That means lots and lots of people will — already are — testing the possibilities of new media.

Clay Shirky has done some acute analysis of this phenomenon. He points to the lesson of SourceForge, the site where open-source software developers post projects for other people to download, analyze and hopefully improve. Clay notes that the overwhelming majority of SourceForge projects are, by any definition, failures. (The image at right shows the cutoff where projects have no downloads at all — about half of all of them.) But those tens of thousands of failures are individually inexpensive, and they set a stage for the few but vitally important successes. What does this imply? He writes:

(T)he low cost of failure means that someone with a new idea doesn’t have to convince anyone else to let them try it — there are few institutional barriers between thought and action.

So the R&D that the news industry should have done years ago is now being done in a highly distributed way. Yes, some is being done by people inside media companies, but most is not — and increasingly it won’t be. It’ll take place in universities, in corporate labs, in garages and at kitchen tables.

In other words, not only don’t you need permission, but you don’t need much money, either. This is one reason I’m so optimistic about the future of media, and of journalism.

7. Some Experiments to Pursue

AngelsmsThe possibilities are endless, but I have a few suggestions for the kinds of inexpensive projects I’d like to see. In several cases I’m actively pursuing them myself.

One is in the exploding arena of mobility. This has several components. We’re taking the Net with us now, no longer tethered to PCs. This isn’t news at all to people in parts of Europe and Asia, but in the U.S., which has been hopelessly behind the curve, it’s a new reality. And as devices (like the Apple and Nokia “phones,” where voice communication is almost the least interesting feature) grow in sophistication and function, we can not only get and interact with information when and where we want, we can also add to collective knowledge (the image at left relates to an SMS experiment I worked on last summer) from wherever we are, in something close to real time.

Another arena to pursue is also largely untapped. I put it in the category of what Microsoft researcher Marc Smith once told me. Paraphrasing, he said that it’s not just every person who can tell a story, but increasingly also — because of bar codes and radio tags — every object. The potential is simply staggering when we think this through.

My philosophy for experimentation:

  • Openness: Use open technologies, and be open with others about what you are doing. Now, a truly spectacular idea may be such a hot business project that one should work in stealth mode, but most ideas will find more traction with the help of others who care about what you’re doing.
  • Use tools that already exist: Reinventing wheels is rarely a productive use of time in the cheap-experiments arena. Chances are that many if not all of the tools you need are already available.
  • Collaboration: Work with anyone and everyone.
  • Take risks: This is by far the most important. Silicon Valley, where I’ve lived for more than a decade, has taught me a crucial truth, that a culture of risk-taking is a precondition for wider success. The low cost of trying, and correspondingly low cost of failure, is removing virtually all reasons for not taking chances.

8. Ethics, Reliability, Civility

BloggercodeThe critics are on perhaps their soundest ground when they raise questions of trust in citizen media. It’s not enough for those of us in the field to point out that the traditional media also have issues in this regard. We have to acknowledge the problems and work on the solutions.

Some recent examples of questionable activity point out the problems. What’s heartening is that they were exposed and denounced, not just by citizen media folks but also, in several cases, by big-media organizations.

For example, the “Wal-Marting Across America” blog, purportedly by two unaffiliated fans of the retailing behemoth, was revealed to be something of a PR stunt. And the odious Pay-Per-Post operation, appropriately termed “stupid and evil” by Jason Calacanis, showed that ethical issues are just as important in the blogosphere as in traditional media.

And in the wake of not-new worries about civility online, some well-meaning folks started a useful discussion of whether bloggers — and by extension, all creators of citizen media — need some kind of code of conduct or tagging system (or both) to guide their activities and explain their approaches to what they do. My observation here is that this is a valuable discussion, but that asking bloggers to adhere to someone else’s code in any remotely formal way is unlikely to get traction, and that’s probably a good thing.

9. Assisting Trust

NewstrustWe have ample opportunity, meanwhile, to find ways to enhance citizen media credibility — and that of all journalists, in whatever format they use — with updated techniques and tools.

NewsTrust is one such project. It uses a combination of notions, including some social networking tools, to “to help people identify quality journalism – or ‘news you can trust.’ The site’s users rate news based on quality, not just popularity.

Which brings up what I consider an absolutely essential goal in this arena: moving from the idea of a Daily Me to a Daily Us. We’re coming closer and closer to the former, with RSS aggregators and other tools that help us pull together news reports from the sources we choose.

More recently, sites such as Digg and NewsVine have added a strong measure of popularity to the mix. They create communities of users who vote stories up and down, and in the process help identify at least some of what’s important, interesting or merely weird in current events and entertainment.

But popularity doesn’t come close to solving the puzzle. We need to add reputation, an easy thing to say but incredibly complicated to do. (I’ll be writing more about this soon.) Suffice it to say that whoever solves this is going to make a bundle; it nears holy-grail territory, in my view, for sorting out the good from the bad, the useful from the trivial, the trustworthy from the phony.

10. Media Literacy

Citmedia PrinciplesWhat becomes increasingly clear is the need to update media literacy for a media-saturated age. When people are creators of media, not just consumers, the task is more complex — but more important than ever.

Think of media literacy in terms of principles, not a bunch of specific must-do kinds of instructions. They differ somewhat depending on the role one is playing in the media ecosystem.

But even those of us who are producers of media are much more often consumers. When we’re in that role, we should consider these principles:

  • Be skeptical. We need to be skeptical of just about all media. This means not taking or granted the trustworthiness of what we read, see or hear from media of all kinds, whether from traditional news organizations, blogs, online videos or you name it.
  • Use an internal “trust meter.” But being skeptical of everything doesn’t mean being equally skeptical of everything. That’s why we need to bring to the modern media the same kinds of parsing we learned in a less complex time when there were only a few primary sources of information. Imagine a credibility scale ranging from plus 10 to minus 10. I give a New York Times or Wall Street Journal article an automatic plus 8 or 9; I don’t assume perfection but I do trust that, in articles by most reporters for those publications, a strong effort went into getting it right. An anonymous comment on a random blog, by contrast, starts at minus 8 or 9; it would have to go a long way to merely have zero credibility.
  • Learn media techniques. Younger people are getting pretty good at this already. What I suspect they — and almost everyone else — lacks in this regard is understanding how communications are designed to persuade, and how we can be manipulated. We need to teach ourselves, and our children, about how media work in ways that go far beyond knowing how to take a snapshot with a mobile phone or posting something in a blog.
  • Keep reporting. No one with any common sense buys a car solely based on a TV commercial. We do some homework. It’s the kind of research and follow-up that journalists do. So let’s call it reporting. We need to recognize the folly of making any major decision about our lives based on something we read, hear or see — and the need to keep reporting, sometimes in major ways, to ensure that we make good choices.

You’ll find every one of those principles in the journalist’s toolkit. But the media creator who wants to tell other people small or large things about the world in any remotely journalistic way, should recognize a few more principles. For journalists, “amateur” or professional, they are:

  • Thoroughness. Reporters try to learn as much as they can about a topic. It’s better to know much more than you publish than to leave big holes in your story. The best reporters always want to make one more call, check with one more source.
  • Accuracy. Accuracy is the starting point for all good journalism. Get your facts right, then check them again. Know where to look to verify claims or to separate fact from fiction.
  • Fairness. Whether you are presenting a balanced story or arguing from a point of view, your readers will feel cheated if you slant the facts or present opposing opinions disingenuously.
  • Independence. Being independent can mean many things, but independence of thought may be most important. Professional journalists can be relatively independent of conflicts of interest, but sometimes they’re so beholden to their sources, and to access to those sources, that they are not independent at all.
  • Transparency. Simply, if you have a horse in the race, say so. Reveal — if relevant to what you’re talking about — your motives, your background, your financial interests.

We fleshed out that latter set of principles for this site and the Knight Citizen News Network earlier this year. We hope you’ll take a look at them.

(Note: The center and/or I have advisory and/or financial relationships to some of the sites and people mentioned in this posting. They include the Knight Foundation, Placeblogger, Knight Foundation, Jay Rosen and NewAssignment.net, NowPublic and NewsTrust. Please see Supporters and Disclosures.)

53 Comments on “Citizen Media: A Progress Report”

  1. #1 Seth Finkelstein
    on Jul 15th, 2007 at 5:39 pm

    Interesting overview. Regarding Britannica v. Web 2.0, if you don’t mind, let me flack my piece on that event:

    “Has Britannica co-opted blogging or has it been corrupted by it?”
    http://technology.guardian.co.uk/weekly/story/0,,2123666,00.html

    “One of the tragedies of substituting popularity for authority is that
    even critiques must then favor the bombastic over the thoughtful to
    be heard.”

  2. #2 Notes from a Teacher: Mark on Media » Sunday squibs
    on Jul 15th, 2007 at 6:14 pm

    [...] Citizen Media: A Progress Report. Dan Gillmor takes a long look at where we are with the concept of citizen media. He has 10 major points, all worth a careful read. [...]

  3. #3 pradeep
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 2:59 am

    India’s first citizen journalism related website: http://www.merinews.com

  4. #4 ABC Digital Futures » Blog Archive » Citizen media: A status report
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 5:43 am

    [...] Citizen journalism pioneer, Dan Gilmore, has delivered a status report on the state of citizen journalism. [...]

  5. #5 David Mastio
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 7:32 am

    You don’t have to go to Sweden to find interesting blog portals. http://www.blognetnews.com is a portal to specific communities of blogs built around geography and topics. We’re just testing our redesign you can see here: http://www.blognetnews.com and here: http://www.blognetnews.com/ohio

    You can also see a site built around news innovation blogs: http://www.blognetnews.com/newsinnovation and another built around a group of female, southern conservative bloggers who call themselves the Cotillion at http://www.blognetnews.com/cotillion

    We’re also just starting to expand into cities: http://www.blognetnews.com/richmondVA

  6. #6 Citizen Journalism: A progress report | AEJMC Membership Forum
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 8:15 am

    [...] But we have a long, long way to go. Read Dan’s 10 major points here. [...]

  7. #7 Smart Mobs » Blog Archive » Dan Gillmor reports on state of citizen media
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 10:36 am

    [...] Gillmor has published a progress report on the state of citizen media: We’ve come a long way. There’s a growing recognition and appreciation of why citizen [...]

  8. #8 DP Dan
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 10:58 am

    Great recap Dan.

    BTW, your link to Disclosures ( http://citmedia.org/disclosures ) returns “Page not found”. Any chance I can convince you to link to the correct URL with the phrase “Disclosure Policy” and also add such a link to your template (sidebar, header or footer?) for each page of your blog? Just like Privacy Policies, users benefit from a common visual cue/phrase like “Disclosure Policy” they can look for to understand the policies of each site they visit. CitMedia is a great place to model such an approach…

  9. #9 Ponto Media » O estado do jornalismo colaborativo por Dan Gillmor
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 3:14 pm

    [...] ABSOLUTAMENTE a não perder é o texto de Dan Gillmor no blog do Center for Citizen Media – Citizen Media: A Progress Report [...]

  10. #10 Susan F. Heywood
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 3:21 pm

    Super snapshot of the state of citizen journalism!

    Thanks, especially, for considering the need for enhanced Media Literacy skills from both the consumer and journalist perspectives. Critical thinking and responsible content creation become more and more vital as the amount of information delivered via all media continues to grow.

    I’ve noticed that there are several sites for educators and others who want to enhance their own media literacy skills or teach media literacy and critical thinking to others. They are linked from: http://del.icio.us/sheywood/media.literacy

    Understanding why content is created and what makes it credible empowers the readers rather than the spin doctors.

  11. #11 A "citizen journalism" trifecta of failure » mathewingram.com/work
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 5:18 pm

    [...] overview, in a nutshell, is that citizen journalism has come a long way but has much further to go: “There’s a growing recognition and appreciation of why citizen [...]

  12. #12 A "citizen journalism" trifecta of failure » mathewingram.com/media
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 5:22 pm

    [...] overview, in a nutshell, is that citizen journalism has come a long way but has much further to go: “There’s a growing recognition and appreciation of why citizen [...]

  13. #13 links for 2007-07-17 : Tama Leaver dot Net
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 5:44 pm

    [...] Citizen Media: A Progress Report [Center for Citizen Media] Dan Gillmor delivers a detail report on the current state of citizen media. (A good read.) (tags: blog citizenmedia citizenjournalism participatoryculture) [...]

  14. #14 Colin Rhinesmith » Putting the Media Literacy Back into Citizen Media
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 5:45 pm

    [...] Gillmor wrote an important post for the Center for Citizen Media, titled “Citizen Media: A Progress Report.” It’s an interesting update on the current state of citizen journalism. Dan looks back [...]

  15. #15 links for 2007-07-17 « David Black
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 6:34 pm

    [...] Center for Citizen Media: Blog » Citizen Media: A Progress Report “We nee much more experimentation in journalism and community information projects… Dealing with the issues of trust, credibility and ethics is essential; as are more tools and training, including a dramatically updated notion of media literacy.” (tags: internet socialmedia participatory journalism citizenmedia crowdsourcing community) [...]

  16. #16 Cit Journalism Progress Report « Knight Innovation Incubator Project Group 3
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 6:47 pm

    [...] Posted by jonathan686 on July 17th, 2007 Dan Gillmor sums up his recent keynote speech at the Citizen Reporter’s Forum.  Great, must-read for us as we move forward. Link. [...]

  17. #17 Citizen Journalism as media literacy at Mediacology
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 7:04 pm

    [...] Center for Citizen Media: Blog » Blog Archive » Citizen Media: A Progress Report: * Be skeptical. We need to be skeptical of just about all media. This means not taking or granted the trustworthiness of what we read, see or hear from media of all kinds, whether from traditional news organizations, blogs, online videos or you name it. [...]

  18. #18 Transnets » Blog Archive » Journalisme citoyen: bilan
    on Jul 16th, 2007 at 11:14 pm

    [...] et des leçons à tirer de nos échecs, notamment économiques. Tel est, dans un raccourci extrême l’état du journalisme citoyen selon Dan Gillmor dont le bilan vaut la peine d’être lu en entier. L’intérêt de [...]

  19. #19 nigel barlow
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 1:57 am

    Some good points Dan.

    Perhaps of all of them,the question of ethics may well be the most important to resolve.It is what really distinguishes(or at least should distinguish )the professional from the amateur.Whether that can be done using a code of conduct remains to be seen

  20. #20 Memex 1.1 » Blog Archive » Citizen Media: A Progress Report
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 2:16 am

    [...] Gillmor, reflecting on the first year of his project… We’ve come a long way. There’s a growing recognition [...]

  21. #21 Dan Gillmor
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 6:11 am

    Thanks for the heads-up on the bad link. Fixed.

  22. #22 pudge
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 8:36 am

    Dan … call me crazy, but I do not care about “citizen journalism.” I don’t think it is anything new and I do not care about it now any more than I did 20 years ago. There’s just more of it, which isn’t helpful, because whereas it was hard to find the good stuff 20 years ago because there was little of it and there was no web, today it is hard to find the good stuff because there’s too much of it piped into wherever you look.

    I have a degree in journalism, worked as a journalist for some time, and currently work for an established alternative news website. Maybe I am just jaded. But I’ve not seen one important story broken by “citizen journalists.” Ooooo, a Senator said “Macaca.” Yawn. Wow, fired U.S. attorneys … and we are still waiting on actual evidence of wrongdoing; granted that has become big national news, but it’s still far from important, except for the effects of the reporting, which is a neat demonstration of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, but not something I am going to actually care about. There was Rathergate, but that too was not an important story, so much as it was a story about a story.

    What I do like about this stuff is seeing the “citizen journalists” hold the feet of paid journalists to the fire. They make for good watchdogs, but it is extremely rare for them to uncover or break a story of actual importance.

    I see local news, CNN, and lots of other news orgs making it easier for people to send them breaking news information, pictures, even video. Yet almost nothing of interest ever comes of it.

    As to ethics … Tim’s code of conduct was a sad joke, granted, though there are problems … but showing how the Wal-Mart site was written as a PR stunt misses the point: what if they actually WERE completely independent? Would that have made them any more trustworthy? Of course, the answer is categorically No.

    The real problem with all this trust stuff is half of why it is so hard to find Good Stuff, the other half being just the glut of information, but it is compounded by the lack of trust. We cannot trust information, we can only trust sources, and if I have no idea who you are, how can I possibly trust you?

    You said you’ll be writing about this soon, but there’s really only one avenue to trust, and it is the mainstream news model, combined with one feature that has been created by the Internet: you need to have a history of publishing competent, complete, fair, accurate, and intelligent work, combined with *links to primary sources* so people can do their own research. And this means, necessarily, that a reliance on anonymous sources harms your trustworthiness.

  23. #23 OLDaily[中文版] » Blog Archive » 2007年7月16日
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 10:37 am

    [...] Gillmor, Center for Citizen Media: Blog July 16, 2007 [原文链接] [Tags: Assessment, Project Based Learning, Paradigm Shift] [...]

  24. #24 Citizen Journalism « Zeal and Activity
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 11:56 am

    [...] Dan Gillmor at the Center for Citizen Media has issued an optimistic situation report for citizens’ journalism (via Wretchard, who says, “we’re not in Kansas [...]

  25. #25 Libellus » 10 pontos gillmorianos no OMN CR’s Forum 2007
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 1:36 pm

    [...] as bênçãos do blog do GJol, destaco aqui os 10 pontos de análise do jornalismo colaborativo que Dan Gillmor traçou em sua apresentação no OhmyNews [...]

  26. #26 I never knew » Blog Archive » Two Reports on Citizen Media
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 4:58 pm

    [...] couple of citizen media articles, first Dan Gilmor with Citizen Media: A Progress Report and then Derek Powazek reviews Howe’s assessment of Assignment [...]

  27. #27 Fagstein » Journalism: Can any idiot do it?
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 8:04 pm

    [...] Patrick points out some thoughts going around about “citizen media”, the concept of “crowdsourcing” news gathering the way Wikipedia crowdsources the writing and editing of an encyclopedia. A Wired piece on Assignment Zero and a reaction to that piece, plus a general assessment of citizen journalism. [...]

  28. #28 Alguns desafios do jornalismo cidadão por Dan Gillmor « Jornalismo Expresso
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 8:13 pm

    [...] artigo, publicado no Center for Citizen Media, foi desenvolvido a partir da exposição feita por Gillmor no OhMyNews International Citizen [...]

  29. #29 Putting people first » Citizen media: a progress report
    on Jul 17th, 2007 at 10:29 pm

    [...] Read full story   Leave a Reply [...]

  30. #30 Putting People First in italiano » Citizen media: un report sul progresso
    on Jul 18th, 2007 at 1:20 am

    [...] Leggi la storia   Scrivi un commento [...]

  31. #31 Livingston, il blog di Marco Mazzei - links for 2007-07-18
    on Jul 18th, 2007 at 4:21 am

    [...] Center for Citizen Media: Blog – Citizen Media: A Progress Report (tags: blog blogging citizenmedia information journalism media msm newmedia web2.0 report analysis) [...]

  32. #32 hochan.NET : links for 2007-07-18
    on Jul 18th, 2007 at 7:25 am

    [...] Citizen Media: A Progress Report (tags: 시민언론 저널리즘) [...]

  33. #33 Lex Ferenda » Citizen Kane? No, Citizens Gilmour, Shifferes and Kelly
    on Jul 18th, 2007 at 11:36 am

    [...] do note this progress report from Dan Gilmour on the study of citizen media. Great timing, from my point of [...]

  34. #34 Jikomboe » We The Media: Tumefikia Wapi Na Tunakwenda Wapi?
    on Jul 18th, 2007 at 12:53 pm

    [...] ambayo aliitoa kwenye Citizen Reporters’ Forum, Korea ya Kusini, unaweza kuisoma ukipenda kwa kubonyeza hapa. Iwapo wewe ni mwanafunzi wa uandishi wa habari, mwandishi wa habari, mwalimu wa uandishi, [...]

  35. #35 Dan Blank: Publishing, Innovation & the Web » Blog Archive » The Future of Citizen Media
    on Jul 19th, 2007 at 11:43 am

    [...] Gillmor shares a progress report on citizen media. “We need much more experimentation in journalism and community information projects. The [...]

  36. #36 cyberbrains - Find your own truth
    on Jul 19th, 2007 at 8:12 pm

    [...] over that question for some time, Dan Gillmor pushed it right back into my face this week with Citizen Media:  A Progress Report.  Dan is perhaps best known for his book We The Media, but he is also a regular on the citizen [...]

  37. #37 The state of Citizen Journalism
    on Jul 20th, 2007 at 3:12 am

    [...] popular way of information, it needs certainly some help to evolve into a good and reliable source. Dan Gillmor reminds us (via Smart Mobs) on what is probably the most important lesson for citizen journalists and their [...]

  38. #38 Citizen Media Watch » Gillmor: Experiment more!
    on Jul 20th, 2007 at 11:45 am

    [...] Gillmor has put together a ten point report of the state of citizen media today. While both a general audience and traditional media now pays [...]

  39. #39 Miha Jesenšek: mreža
    on Jul 21st, 2007 at 7:41 am

    Domače branje, 21. 7. 2007…

    Zanimivo in/ali branja vredno: Citizen Media; E-komuniciranje: vključite se v pogovor z deležniki na spletu; Z mediji do vpliva na zakonodajo in politiko; Najboljši bloger z lenta; Kdo in zakaj bo tožil blogerje; Internet in propaganda
    ……

  40. #40 Spencer
    on Jul 21st, 2007 at 7:56 am

    Nice analysis, Mr Gillmor! We already have watched your project Bayosphere failing. How about that? And what is this ohmynews? Seems like an empty hull attracting no active readers. Ever looked at the numbers of comments on articles there? Oh well, citizen media.

    Where are the creative thinkers?

  41. #41 State of Citizen Media « Webs@Work
    on Jul 22nd, 2007 at 12:09 am

    [...] Read his report here. [...]

  42. #42 MiniMediaGuy » Blog Archive » News Trust brewing in Mill Valley
    on Jul 23rd, 2007 at 6:00 am

    [...] looking over a recent speech from Dan Gillmor, summing up the state of citizen journalism, he made reference to a project called [...]

  43. #43 links for 2007-07-23 at Framtider.net
    on Jul 23rd, 2007 at 3:19 pm

    [...] Center for Citizen Media: Blog » Blog Archive » Citizen Media: A Progress Report (tags: toread) [...]

  44. #44 links for 2007-07-25 « CF Bloke blog
    on Jul 25th, 2007 at 6:18 am

    [...] Center for Citizen Media: Blog » Blog Archive » Citizen Media: A Progress Report (tags: web2.0 blogs) [...]

  45. #45 Eric Armstrong
    on Jul 25th, 2007 at 11:29 am

    Great post. As it happens, I have an idea which could be very synergistic with “Citizen Media”. It would be interesting to see how they might work together.

    It took many years, but I finally figured out a way to take the money out of the election process. In essence, the idea is to use RSS feeds, XML structures, and filtering aggregators to achieve two goals:

    1) Let people get voting advice from people they trust
    2) Let advisors make recommendations without fear of spamming anyone
    (the filters make sure that people only get recommendations they care about)

    I wrote up the idea here: http://www.citizensAdvisory.org.
    The design paper is here: http://citizensadvisory.org/design/index.html

    The weakness of such a system is that’s only useful at election time. But if that system were part of a regular news-feed aggregrator it could empower today’s “citizen journalists” with serious election-time influence.

    Note: There is a slightly expanded version of this post here:
    http://blogs.sun.com/coolstuff/entry/taking_the_money_out_of

  46. #46 links for 2007-07-25 : jeppe kabell
    on Jul 25th, 2007 at 3:20 pm

    [...] Citizen Media: A Progress Report (Dan Gillmor) In my keynote at last month’s OhmyNews International Citizen Reporters’ Forum in Seoul, I was asked to offer a year-on-year progress report on the state of citizen journalism. (tags: citizenjournalism media future) [...]

  47. #47 links for 2007-07-30 « David Black
    on Jul 29th, 2007 at 6:26 pm

    [...] Citizen Media: A Progress Report – Center for Citizen Media: Blog “We’ve come a long way, There’s a growing recognition and appreciation of why citizen journalism matters. Investments, from media organizations and others, are fueling experiments of various kinds. Revenue models are taking early shape.” (tags: internet socialmedia participatory journalism citizenmedia blogging trends) [...]

  48. #48 Periodismo Ciudadano
    on Jul 31st, 2007 at 1:34 am

    [...] ciudadano no deja de crecer. Esto es lo que opina Dan Gillmor en un post en el que hace un balance del periodismo ciudadano, que presentó en OhmyNews International Citizen Reporters’ Forum en Seoul. El aumento de los [...]

  49. #49 Jenia
    on Aug 19th, 2007 at 9:03 pm

    How do you usually get citizen journalists to publish on your site? How do you invite them or find them?

  50. #50 ALJ301 Group Blog » Blog Archive » User-generated Content
    on Sep 20th, 2007 at 5:29 am
  51. #51 PCs, mobiles and the growth of citizen media « ICT for Peacebuilding (ICT4Peace)
    on Nov 2nd, 2007 at 7:46 am

    [...] Gillmor who I met during Strong Angel III in San Diego last year has posted some thoughts on the state of citizen journalism globally. He touches on many interesting aspects of the growth of citizen driven content and importantly, [...]

  52. #52 Grenzpfosten : Blogs zwischen freiem Journalismus und Unternehmensinteressen
    on Nov 7th, 2007 at 4:47 am

    [...] not just by citizen media folks but also, in several cases, by big-media organizations.” (link) via [...]

  53. #53 Josh Parker
    on Sep 19th, 2008 at 6:49 pm

    check out you scoop it…its a new cit journalism site and looks really nice

    http://www.youscoopit.com